Sweet clovers warm weather biomass production is only rivaled by alfalfa of all forage legumes. With careful management, sweet clover provides an excellent forage for livestock. Sweet clovers first year of biomass reaches 18-24" tall but provides forage of equivalent quality and palatability as alfalfa. With proper management, the second years growth can reach 5' tall but the forage consist lower quality, stemmy vegetation. Grazing and/or haying the second year forage should not allow crop height to exceed 2', to preserve forage quality. Sweet clover residue release allelopathic chemicals during decomposition which are known to suppress various common weed species such as kochia.
|Maturity (Days)||Seeds/lb||C/N at Maturity||Growth Habit||Root Type/Depth||Cold Kill (F)||Dry Matter Potential(Tons/acre)|
|Biennial||180000||Low||Upright||Shallow Taproot||-30||2 - 4|
|Use and Characteristics|
|N Fix Potential||Lasting Residue||Palatability||Hay Harvest||Regrowth||Deep Compaction||Surface Compaction||Weed Suppression||Crimp Kill|
|Plant Depth||Min Germ Temp(F)||Drilled Seed Rate (lbs/acre)||Broadcast Seed Rate (lb/acre)|
|1/4 - 1/2"||42||8-10||10-15|
|Heat||Drought||Shade||Wet Soil||Low Fertility||Low pH Soil||High pH Salinity||High pH Calcareous|